Ecologically, it is one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries, and the most densely biodiverse of these per square kilometer.).
Independence from Spain was acquired in 1819, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved.
What is now Colombia and Panama emerged as the Republic of New Granada.
Los socialistas alemanes prometieron en campaña que no gobernarían con la derecha.
is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
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Vestiges indicate that there was also early occupation in the regions of El Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca.
The oldest pottery discovered in the Americas, found at San Jacinto, dates to 5000–4000 BCE.
Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada led an expedition to the interior in April 1536, and christened the districts through which he passed "New Kingdom of Granada".
In August 1538, he founded provisionally its capital near the Muisca cacicazgo of Bacatá, and named it "Santa Fe".
These sites date from the Paleoindian period (18,000–8000 BCE).