In the Middle Ages, York grew as a major wool trading centre and became the capital of the northern ecclesiastical province of the Church of England, a role it has retained.
In 314 AD a bishop from York attended the Council at Arles to represent Christians from the province.
While the Roman colonia and fortress were located on high ground, by 400 AD the town was victim to occasional flooding from the Rivers Ouse and Foss and the population reduced.
In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services.
The University of York and health services have become major employers, whilst tourism has become an important element of the local economy.
) is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
The municipality is the traditional county town of the historic county of Yorkshire to which it gives its name.
The form York was first recorded in the 13th century.
Archaeological evidence suggests that Mesolithic people settled in the region of York between 80 BC, although it is not known whether their settlements were permanent or temporary.
When the Danish army conquered the city in 866, its name became Jórvík.
Jórvík, meanwhile, gradually reduced to York in the centuries after the Conquest, moving from the Middle English Yerk in the 14th century through Yourke in the 16th century to Yarke in the 17th century.
By the time of the Roman conquest of Britain, the area was occupied by a tribe known to the Romans as the Brigantes.